Bone Marrow Transplant: Types, Complications, and Procedures

A bone marrow transplant is a trusted medical procedure that is opted for replacing a damaged or destroyed bone marrow. This usually happens sure to chemotherapy, disease, or infections. The process involves transplanting blood stem cells that travel to the bone marrow where it generates new blood cells promoting the growth of new marrow. 

Bone marrow is fatty yet spongy tissue in the bones that create the below-listed part of the blood: 

  • Red blood cells- help carry oxygen and nutrients 
  • Platelets- responsible for clots formation
  • White blood cells- help combat infections and disease

What Are The Complications of a Bone Marrow Transplant?

Since bone marrow transplant is considered a complex yet major medical procedure with a high risk of experiencing headache, extreme pain, drop in blood pressure, pain, nausea, chills and shortness of breath.

What Are the Types of Bone Marrow Transplants?

There are two types of bone marrow transplant procedures that include:

Autologous Transplant: This procedure involves the use of an individual’s stem cells. It involves harvesting cells before commencing a damaging therapy to cells such as radiation or chemotherapy. Once the treatment is done, your own cells will return to your body. This particular transplant is not always available but we at Med Tour Advisors can be of huge help in providing you with the best bone marrow transplant in India. You may not know but it decreases the risk of adverse effects and serious complications, which includes GVHD.

Allogeneic Transplant: AT includes the use of cells from a donor, and he or she must be a close genetic match. Once the compatibility is checked, and relative is the best choice, it is important to check the genetic match to be found from donor registration.

How Does a Bone Marrow Transplant Procedure Work?

When your surgeon or doctor thinks you are ready, you will get the transplant. The process is quite similar to blood transfusion. If you are signing up for an allogeneic transplant, bone marrow cells are then harvested from the donor one or two days before the procedure. During the bone marrow harvest, cells are gathered from hipbones via a needle while you are under anaesthesia, this means you will not feel any pain.

Remember, the success rate of your bone marrow transplant is primarily based on how close the donor and recipient are in terms of genetics. Sometimes, it is difficult for one to find a good match when among unrelated donors.

If you are planning for a stem cell transplant in India, connect with us at Med Tour Advisors as we can be of huge help. We deliver you with best possible medical solutions. 

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