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Doubtful if you have Pancytopenia? Here’s all that you need to know

Pancytopenia is a term that refers to the combination of low levels of blood cells of all types: red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells. You may experience certain symptoms such as infections, fatigue, and bruising due to the reduced level of these cells. Different reasons cause pancytopenia, which include bone marrow disease, cancer and infections. You may not know but chemotherapy treatment can cause pancytopenia, although this depends on certain causes and focus on increasing the blood cells level to improve symptoms while treating your situation. Being the best medical tourism company in India, we help with medical services and accommodations. 

BLOOD CELLS IMPACTED BY PANCYTOPENIA

Three major types of blood cells that are affected by pancytopenia, include:

Red blood cells: RBCs, Red Blood Cells, are responsible for binding and carrying oxygen to the tissues.

White Blood Cells: Different types of blood cells are broken down into granulocytes and granulocytes. WBCs combat several types of infections and diseases, among other functions.

Platelets: Play a key role in blood clotting. 

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF PANCYTOPENIA

Pancytopenia is caused by anything that may interfere with the generation of blood cells in the blood cell or bone marrow. This often involves damaging the bone marrow with toxins, suppression during chemotherapy, or replacing the bone marrow via other cells, which results in the disruption of blood cell production. Blood cell annihilation or suppression often occurs due to infections, inflammation or autoimmune conditions in the body.

Although most of these affect you quite later in life a few can be inherited from birth, some of the causes of pancytopenia involve the chemotherapy-induced bone marrow, suppression by drugs such as antibiotics or heart issue medications, and infections, which include HIV, Mononucleosis, and Sepsis.

PANCYTOPENIA SYMPTOMS INCLUDE:

  • Anaemia causes fatigue, shortness of breath and rapid heart rate.
  • Thrombocytopenia causes heavy bleeding or easy bruising.
  • Leukopenia or Neutropenia, a low white cell count, causing pain in urination, fever or cough.
  • DIAGNOSIS

Pancytopenia, as you may know, is noted on complete blood count. Initially, the evaluation of low-level blood cells is repeated. A peripheral blood smear is then done to understand each type of cell. In case it says you have pancytopenia, the next step is to conduct a bone marrow biopsy.

PROGNOSIS

This completely depends upon its cause, fortunately, we have reliable treatments like transfusion and stimulating aspects that help with certain blood cell deficiencies while the condition is being evaluated and treated.

With many potential causes of Pancytopenia, you need to start the treatment as soon as possible. 

Well, consult with Med Tour Advisor as we deliver the best medical treatment in India. We take immense pride in delivering our clients with ultimate solutions considering their needs regarding health or accommodation. 

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