As people reach their fifties and beyond, it’s common for an eye doctor to diagnose them with
cataracts. Essentially, this means that the proteins in the lens of their eyes have deteriorated,
causing the lens to become hazy and resulting in blurry vision.
Cataracts can give rise to partial or total vision loss, and unfortunately, wearing glasses or
contacts or having LASIK surgery won’t fix the issue. However, cataract surgery is an extremely
safe and effective procedure that often results in significantly improved vision. Patients from all
over the world, especially from African countries like Zambia, Ethiopia and Ghana, are
continuously seeking medical care from India. Despite any apprehension one may have, the
vast majority of patients who undergo cataract surgery in India are very happy with the results.
Basics of Cataract Surgery
Most modern cataract surgeries involve the use of a high-frequency ultrasound device called
phacoemulsification, or “phaco” for short. This device breaks up the cloudy lens in your eye into
small pieces that can be easily removed with suction. The procedure is done using small
incisions of only 2-3 mm, promoting faster healing and reducing the risk of complications.
Once the cloudy lens is removed from your eye, the cataract surgeon will securely position a
clear intraocular lens behind the iris and pupil in the same location where your natural lens was
before the surgery. This will help to restore clear vision and improve your overall eye health.
You can visit for other treatments as well, such as for neurosurgery in India and many more.
Laser Cataract Surgery
In recent years, femtosecond lasers, similar to the ones used in all-laser LASIK, have been
approved for use in certain aspects of cataract surgery. This innovative technology can help
reduce the need for traditional surgical tools such as blades.
Femtosecond lasers can be used to create corneal incisions that allow the surgeon access to
the lens, remove the anterior capsule of the lens, and fragment the cataract. This fragmentation
reduces the amount of phaco energy needed to break up and remove the cataract.
Additionally, the lasers can create peripheral corneal incisions to reduce astigmatism, which is a
common cause of faulty vision resulting from defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the
eye. By utilising this advanced laser technology, cataract surgery can be made even safer and
more precise for patients.
Preparing for Cataract Surgery
Before your cataract surgery in India, your eye doctor will carry out a comprehensive eye
exam to examine the overall health of your eyes and pinpoint any potential risk factors. They will
also perform a refraction test to determine the degree of nearsightedness, farsightedness,
and/or astigmatism you have prior to surgery.
Today, there are various types of intraocular lenses (IOLs) available for cataract surgery, which
can be tailored to meet your specific needs. In addition to correcting nearsightedness and
farsightedness, there are now toric IOLs that can also correct astigmatism.
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