The kidneys which lie near the middle of the back just under the ribs and are two bean-shaped structures are responsible for removing excess water from the blood, through the ureters as urine. They even maintain the balance between sodium and potassium levels in the body. Kidney stones or renal calculi is the common term for Nephrolithiasis, a sometimes extremely painful condition where a build-up of calcium, oxalate, and uric acid creates hard crystal structures which vary in sizes
Kidney stones if formed in the urinary tract, are mostly passed out without any surgical treatment but when they get stuck the pain is intense and then you require to look for the best Kidney stone treatment in India.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones
Kidney stones occur at least once in the lifetime of about 10% of the population, more often in women and the peak age is from 20 to 40. The incidence is higher in Caucasians and because of the higher likelihood of dehydration, it is more common in hot climates.
Most renal calculi are small enough to pass through the ureters without any pain at all but when they get to a size where they obstruct the opening of the ureter they can cause intense pain of a level often compared to that of childbirth. Typically the pain travels across the back and through the abdomen into the genital region varying in intensity as the peristaltic contractions in the ureters come and go. When the pain is severe it may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, fever, and blood in the urine.
Causes of Kidney Stones
• Dehydration causes reduced urine production and allows the coagulation of substances that should be dissolved in the urine.
• Obstructions, particularly in immobilized patients in whom urination is often impaired allow the solids to clump together.
• Infections may well be the result of bacteria growing behind the initial obstruction.
• Metabolic factors such as gout, defective metabolism of oxalates, excessive intake of vitamin D and calcium, and genetic defects.
• Bowel disease, Ileal bypasses, or renal tube defects.
• Uric acid kidney stones form when the uric acid level in the kidneys is higher than that in the blood.
Patient observation, x-rays, ultrasound, intravenous pyelograms, urinalysis MRI and CT scans are used alone or in combination to confirm the diagnosis and to determine the size and location of the stones.
Recent studies have shown that the restriction of dairy food which used to be advised is probably incorrect and that foods rich in calcium will actually help prevent kidney stones, however the impact of calcium supplements. This is very much desired to have it under the molecule you seem to have.
As with so many health problems, exercise is highly recommended because movement will help stones to mobilize. Adequate hydration is essential to prevent a recurrence.
Kidney Stone Treatment in India
Treatment is dependent on the size and location of the stones but in 90% of cases, the stones are less than 5mm in diameter and can be allowed to pass naturally after increased fluid intake. Strong analgesics or other pain relief methods such as power strip pain patches need to be administered to control the pain and lessen the spasms. Sometimes a diuretic is added to promote urine flow and further calculus formation. Walking if possible should also be encouraged. Most stones will pass within 72 hours or more.
The pain of the kidney stone is the foremost symptom and is one of the things that would never wish you would experience. The pain is pulsating that is In many cases, stones can cause swelling, and infection of the Kidney Stone, leading to severe Kidney Stone damage.
For smaller stones, you may experience little or no pain however, for larger ones, you may experience extreme pain in the back area reaching down the front. The pain is pulsating that is experienced wave after wave. But the extreme pain depends upon where the kidney is located and how big the stone is. That is the high time when you must reach out to Med Tour Advisors for the Ureterorenoscopic (URS) Lithotripsy with Holmium Laser Treatment, the best kidney stone treatment in India to get a painless cure.
The laser fiber is used to transmit the Holmium energy that breaks up the large kidney stone into broken pieces and is removed through the urethra by the surgeon. Whereas the smaller pieces pass through urination. Sometimes, doctors also insert a tube known as a stent between the bladder and kidney to pass kidney stones easily.
For more info reach out to Med Tour Advisor for the best kidney treatment in India. Our urologist specialist will help you with multiple surgical & non-surgical treatment options.