Kidney stones are among the most prevalent and painful health problems that people face. They can range from a mild annoyance to a debilitating ordeal. If you’ve ever experienced a kidney stone or know someone who has, you may be wondering about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for this condition. Here, this write-up answers the five most commonly asked questions about kidney stones so you can better understand and manage this condition.
What are kidney stones?
Kidney stones are small masses of crystals that form inside the kidneys. They are most commonly made up of calcium, uric acid, or a combination of the two minerals. The kidneys help the body filter and remove waste and excess fluids, so they play an important role in maintaining health. This process is achieved through the production of urine, which is made up of waste products and extra fluids that the body can’t use. Any minerals found in the bloodstream are filtered through the kidneys and then excreted through urine. If the amount of minerals in the bloodstream is excessive, crystals are passed through the urine. If these crystals clump together, they can form kidney stones.
What causes kidney stones?
Several variables, including your food, weight, hydration level, heredity, and medical condition, might raise your chance of getting these stones.
What are the Symptoms of Kidney Stones?
The following are the most frequent kidney stone symptoms:
● Abdominal pain
● Blood in the urine
● Dull ache in the abdomen when you cough, sneeze or lift something.
● Nausea and vomiting
● Frequent urge to urinate
How are kidney stones treated?
The severity of your problem and the sort of kidney stone you have will determine how you are treated. Certain types of kidney stones can be dissolved with special medications or procedures. Medication can be used to flush kidney stones out of your system. You may also need surgery to remove the stones. Kidney stone treatments in India are very common. If the stone is too large to pass naturally or blocks the urine flow, you may be given medication to shrink the stone. If the stone is too large to shrink, you may be sent to a urologist. If a kidney stone has formed in your bladder, your doctor may use a cystoscope or apply energy to break it up and remove it from your bladder. In extreme cases, surgery may be needed to remove the stone. If you suffer from recurrent kidney stones, your doctor may recommend dietary changes, increased hydration, and/or medication to reduce the risk of another episode.
Suggested Read: Kidney Stones: Treatment, Diagnosis & Preventions
How can I prevent kidney stones from developing?
Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese increases your chances of getting kidney stones. According to research, those who are overweight, have a high body mass index (BMI), or are obese are more prone to develop kidney stones.
Eat a healthy diet: Consuming plenty of fruits and vegetables can help prevent kidney stones. Avoid drinking excess caffeine, alcohol, and sugary drinks, as these can increase the risk of kidney stones.
Drink plenty of water: Diluting the minerals in your system can help avoid kidney stones.
Kidney stones have affected many people worldwide. If you are suffering from kidney stones and looking for a specialist for kidney stone treatment in India, then you can check the Med Tour Advisor website. This website has several hospitals and specialists who you can contact directly.