Heart And Its Health
A fist-sized organ that controls our being is our heart. Being one of the most crucial organs in the human body, this muscular component deals with the circulation of the blood pumping in our humble abode, our body. Through the process of blood pumping via a network of arteries and veins, our body maintains balance and the circulatory system. Any individual suffering from any heart-related disease is expected to visit the best cardiac surgeon in India.
The Chambers of the Heart:
The heart comprises four chambers that work together in coordination with the rest of the body to maintain the process of oxygenation and rejuvenation of the organs and cells.
The four chambers of the heart are:
- The Right Atrium: It is the deoxygenated blood receiving chamber of the heart. Situated in the right topmost section of the heart, the blood rich in carbon dioxide comes to this chamber via the vena cava. The right atrium then transports this blood to the right ventricle by passing it through the AV node (Atrioventricular node).
- The Right Ventricle: This chamber is situated at the bottom section of the right side of the heart. It receives the deoxygenated blood from the right atrium by the coordinated movement of the AV and SA (Sino atrium) nodes. It passes the deoxygenated blood to the lungs by the pulmonary artery. The blood is then filled and loaded with oxygen.
- The Left Atrium: Situated at the topmost left side of the heart, right next to the right atrium, this region receives the oxygenated blood via the pulmonary veins. This oxygenated blood comes from the lungs. It passes on this oxygen loaded blood to the left ventricle.
- The Left Ventricle: The left ventricle is right below the left atrium. Being the strongest chamber of the heart, it transports the oxygenated blood to the rest of the body with the help of the aorta.
The Heart and its function:
The structure of the heart is composed of 3 walls. These three walls are – the outermost thin layer called the epicardium, the thick middle layer called the myocardium and the innermost thin layer called the endocardium. The myocardium is composed of the cardiac muscle fibres that make this middle layer thick. The blood functions to pump the blood throughout the body, forming the cardiac cycle. This cycle ensures the systematic distribution of minerals, nutrients and blood to the body. The analysis of the heart shows that an estimated 5.6 litres of blood is circulated through the body and three cardiac cycles or 72 beats are completed per minute. For instance, someone who experiences regular abnormal heartbeats is most definitely exhibiting a characteristic feature of abnormal heart-related illness. An abnormal heartbeat under normal circumstances requires appropriate consultations from the best cardiac surgeon in India.
The Systolic Diastolic Cycle:
Systole: When the tricuspid or mitral valve closes, this short period is called the systole.
Diastole: Diastole is characterised by a longer duration of heart action. This is the one wherein the aortic and pulmonary valves close.
This relationship between the systolic and diastolic cycles is the reference for measuring the blood pressure in an individual. Another crucial measure we know is the examination of the pulse rate.
An overview of the types of heart diseases:
The normal functioning of the heart is in coordination with the other organs of the body. Therefore, it becomes such a crucial organ. Some common heart diseases are:
- Coronary Artery Disease i.e. a blood vessel disease.
- Arrhythmias or heart rhythm problems.
- Congenital heart abnormalities or diseases.
- Heart valve diseases.
- The disease of the heart muscle.
- Heart infection.
These diseases require medical attention from the best cardiac surgeon in India.
How can Med Tours Advisors help?
We at Med Tours Advisors put our best foot forward to help patients locate the most prominent heart doctors and professionals for them. Our team of dedicated advisors will make it their mission to help you get in touch with the best cardiac surgeons in India. Each heart-related problem requires urgent attention. Do not hesitate to reach out to us for any medical advice.
1. Will smoking be a factor in the development of heart diseases?
Answer. Indeed, smoking plays a vital role in heart-related problems. Smoking is the major cause of arteriosclerosis. The nicotine in the cigarettes causes less oxygen to reach the heart and higher blood pressure with a high heart rate. It also causes an increase in the tendency of the blood to clot. Nicotine is also responsible for damaging the cells that line the coronary arteries and other blood vessels. Therefore, getting in touch with the best cardiac surgeon in India is the right thing to do if someone is experiencing heart-related problems.
2. What can I do to improve my heart health and reduce the chances of any heart-related diseases?
Answer. One should:
- Eat more vegetables, whole grains, legumes and fruits.
- Cut down the level of trans fats and swap the saturated fats with the unsaturated ones.
- Eat lean sources of protein and avoid eating red meat. Red meat is high in fats and cholesterol.
- Limit simple carbohydrates and include complex carbohydrates in your diet.
- Cut down on salts and sugars.
- Have a proper workout routine and follow it judiciously.